Fake grass is known by many names including artificial turf, Astroturf and synthetic turf. The need for fake grass arose from the need to have a level playing field in the huge stadiums which started to appear in the 1960s. The requirement arose because natural grass was unable to grow inside these big stadiums because of the poor quality of sunlight filtering in through domed translucent roofs and the huge amounts of water required to sustain such growth. Astroturf was invented and first used in 1965 and the name became synonymous with fake or artificial grass.
Fake grass has developed greatly to become an efficient and safe surface for homes and playgrounds.
There are many detractors of the fake grass pointing to the fact that the so called nylon grass breaks down and deteriorates into lead particles. Indeed some tests were made on park grounds and lead contents were much above the permissible levels. Some parents object to these fake grass carpets on school grounds and public parks because they allege it is made from recycled carcinogenic rubber and nylon products. Keeping this in mind new manufacturers are creating excellent fake grass to get rid of all the reported faults of the older kind of artificial turf.
The initial objections to the use of artificial turf on football grounds and baseball grounds was that it did not give as much bounce as natural grass. The other very valid complaint was that the fake grass heated up quickly burning players’ feet. It also gave rise to extraordinary friction and heat when players fell and skidded across the fake grass.
The stress on knees and ankles was so much that it caused injuries and terminated the careers of players prematurely. A lot of research and innovation has led to a much improved fake turf which is now used safely in many stadiums. Some stadiums have shifted back to natural grass despite the heavy cost of maintenance.
The new fake grass incorporates many positive features. The grass is fixed to a good bouncing carpet made up of expanded polypropylene particles of various sizes. This gives the same resilience as normal grass grounds. The improved synthetic fibres are fixed to this base and they have other spiral shaped shoots to hold up the fake grass. The entire field of fake grass is then spread with a layer of rubber granules. These fields of fake grass have been recommended by world authorities like FIFA and UEFA.
There is a big demand for fake turf in modern homes. People are thinking more and more of water conservation. Thus people are turning to fake grass in their back yards. The fake grass looks pretty and is easy to maintain without the need for watering and mowing. Some people are creating special corners inside the house for their pets using fake grass. With growing populations in big cities water is becoming a scarce resource and perhaps for this very reason the popularity and demand for fake grass will not diminish. Fake grass is ideal for commercial areas and small areas in the home. Fake grass is perfect and requires the least maintenance.