Meet Brousemichea Balansa, the grass with a pretty name, which is also known as Zoysia grass. It is ideal for lawns and golf courses because of its hardiness. It proliferates in warm weather and can tolerate extreme variations in temperature, water and sunshine. It is a creeping grass which is native to Eastern Asia and Southeast Asia. It is also common to areas like China, Japan and Australasia. Zoysia grass is seen on coastal grasslands. The grass is named after the Austrian botanist Karl von Zois.
Zoysia grass requires less water and less mowing too. It spreads quickly because of its unique style of growing through ‘stolons’. It sends out sideways branches which take root in the soil and then further send out more stolons. Thus it is very good for stopping soil erosion and quickly covering fairways on golf courses. The grass makes a thick layered carpet which is soft making it pleasant for walking barefoot. It also does not allow weeds to infiltrate the areas it grows in. Zoysia grass takes deep roots which sustain themselves with the underlying moisture and thrive on much less water than other lawn grass. The lateral growth of Zoysia grass also means less mowing as the grass does not grow tall so quickly. Where normal grass has to be mowed three times in a given period, Zoysia grass has only to be mowed once in the same period. Zoysia grass can thrive in extremely hot temperature and survive till summer even in conditions of minus 30 degrees Celsius in winter.
Zoysia grass is so hardy that it does not need any chemical pesticides or weed killers thus making for environment friendly lawns. Children and pets can play safely on Zoysia grass because it does not have any pesticides sprayed on to it. Zoysia grass should only be planted with plugs and sod, because seeding is somehow not very successful and gives rise to a grass which is not so sturdy. Zoysia grass needs sunlight of two to three hours and therefore grows well in areas covered by trees that allow the sunlight to filter through. In winter Zoysia grass stays dormant waiting for summer when it jumps back into its prolific green self again. Zoysia grass will grow in most soils and even salty soils thus it can be planted near roads which get salted during winter snow storms. It is surprisingly good in sandy soil too. The ideal pH level for Zoysia grass is between 6 and 7. Lower pH levels can be increased by adding lime and higher pH levels can be lowered by making very judicious use of sulphur.
The many species of Zoysia grass include Zoysia japonica, Zoysia minima, Zoysia sinica, Zoysia matrella, Zoysia macarantha, Zoysia pauciflora and Zoysia macrostachya. The Zoysia grass can be fertilised with a high nitrogen slow release mixture after winter. The Zoysia grass should be applied with winteriser to help the grass through winter. It is really difficult to find a friendlier and hardier grass than Zoysia grass.